- The prevention of cancer through avoidance of environmental risk factors either through behavioural changes (e.g., not smoking) or protective measures (e.g., sunscreen, vaccines).
- Early Detection
- The diagnosis of cancer at an early stage in its evolution, i.e., when still limited in extent, generally categorized as stage I or II.
- The confirmation, in most cases through examination of a sample of cancer tissue through a biopsy, that this is a cancer of a specific type and subtype.
- The management of the cancer through specific treatment, including one or more of the primary treatment modalities - surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy (with or without hormonal therapy and/ortargeted therapy).
- Palliative Care
- The control of symptoms in patients with life threatening diseases. Palliative care includes, but is not limited to care of the terminally ill.
- The collection of data in order to confirm a hypothesis or "answer a question" such that evidence
page revision: 12, last edited: 23 Dec 2008 10:32